THEORETICAL AND APPLIED ISSUES OF SELECTION AND TRAINING OF OPERATORS OF HUMAN-MACHINE COMPLEXES IN DOMESTIC ERGONOMICS
Abstract and keywords
Abstract (English):
The main criteria, stages and directions of professional selection of operators of the "man-machine-environment" systems are revealed. Mathematical models of professional aptitude assessment based on the use of a sequential probability ratio and the theory of pattern recognition are presented. Given the approach to assessment of efficiency of professional selection, taking into account the accuracy, reliability and validity of the forecast of professional suitability of operators and the possibility of assessing the professional suitability of operators and the quality of the workplace for temporary tochnostyu and probabilistic indicators. Modern training technologies used in military and civil man-machine complexes are considered.

Keywords:
human-machine complexes, ergonomics, professional selection, professional aptitude, simulators, mathematical models, quality of activity
References

1. Averchenkov, V.I. Mathematical modeling of professional testing using the color preference scale [Text] / V.I. Averchenkov, S.V. Kondratenko, V.V. Spasennikov // Information systems and technologies. – 2016.- No. 2(94). – P. 5-13.

2. Androsov, K.Yu. Development of a unified set of tests and its software approbation in solving problems of professional selection in operator and driver activities [Text] / K.Yu. Androsov, A.N. Sudarnik, S.N. Fedotov //Ergodesign, 2018. - №1(01). – P. 28-35. – doi:10.30987/article_5bbf0a8fec8106.43951726

3. Arepin, Yu.I. Simulator for divisions of radio engineering troops [Text] / Yu.I. Arepin, N.B. Momot, V.A. Dolgiy, A.I. Kovalenko // Software products and systems. – 2013.- No. 1. – P. 6.

4. Afanasyev, A.N. Model and method of development and analysis of computer simulators [Text] / A.N. Afanasyev, N.N. Voit, D.S. Kinev // Automation of management processes. – 2015. - No. 2(40). – P. 65-70.

5. Bagretsov, S.A. Device for assessing the professional suitability of operators of automated control systems [Text] / S.A. Bagretsov, V.L. Gaidukov, V.V. Spasennikov, A.A. Filimonov // A. S. SU 1437898, IPC G09B 9/00, Application no. 4249640, registration date 26.05.1987.

6. Bartosh, V.S. Information space of the operator in training and training systems [Text] / V.S. Bartosh, I.V. Beislo, S.A. Kuzikovsky, M.M. Lavrentiev // Bulletin of Cybernetics. – 2017.- No. 1(25). – P. 136-148.

7. Bespalov, B.I. Professionally important components of human activity and approaches to their psychodiagnostics [Text] / B.I. Bespalov // Organizational psychology. – 2014. – volume 4.- No. 4. – P. 12-50.

8. Bobrysheva, I.E. Polyvariant training system of synergetic training device [Text] / I.E. Bobrysheva, M.V. Bobryshev. Patent RU 2 414 754, IPC G09B 19/00, application 20101151 74/12, 16.04.2010.

9. Bodrov, V.A. Psychology of professional fitness [Text] / V.A. Bodrov. – M.: PerSe, 2005. – 349 p.

10. Voitovich, N.K. Criteria for the effectiveness of e-learning and the quality of electronic educational programs in higher education [Text] / N.K. Voitovich // Bulletin of Tomsk state pedagogical University. – 2014. - no. 4(145). – P. 152-153.

11. Galaktionov, A.I. Features of formulating the mental image of emergency situations when training an automated con-trol system operator [Text] / A.I. Galaktionov, I.V. Groshev // Psychological journal, 1996, vol. 17, no. 2, P. 46-55.

12. Gerasimov, B.M. Simulation model for evaluating the complex influence of engineering and psychological factors on the effectiveness of the ergatic system [Text] / B.M. Gerasimov, G.V. Lozhkin, S.V. Skryl, V.V. Spasennikov // Cybernetics and computer engineering. – 1984. – issue 61. – P. 88-95.

13. Gerasimov, B.M. Device for evaluating the suitability of an automated control system operator [Text] / B.M. Gerasimov, G.V. Lozhkin, V.V. Spasennikov, V.N. Nemtinov // A. S. SU 1068975, IPC GG09B9/00, No. 3508259, registration date 29.10.1982, publication date 23.01.1984.

14. Dozortsev V.M. Computer simulators for training operators of technological processes [Text] / V.M. Dozortsev. – M.: Sinteg, 2009. – 372 p.

15. Dozortsev, V.M. From non-classical to post-non-classical science: an example of computer simulators for training operators of technological processes [Text] / V.M. Dozortsev // Management problems. – 2020.- No. 2. – P. 69-82.

16. Zhdanko, I.M. Directions of development of ergonomic support for the creation of military aviation equipment [Text] / I.M. Zhdanko, M.V. Naichenko, V.R. Osipov, D.A. Abrashkin // Military medical journal. – 2018. – No. 2. – P. 37-44.

17. Kanevskii, V.M. Tests in vocational selection and vocational education: history and modernity [Text] / V.M. Kanevski, O.V. Grave, T.A. Shirshova // Bulletin of Omsk University.- 2014. - no. 2. – P. 185-190

18. Klimov, S.A. Using virtual reality [Text] / S.A. Klimov, P.V. Krasnov, S.M. Sergeev // Bulletin of military education. – 2018.- No. 3(12). – P. 68-73.

19. Kobzev, V.V. Methods for creating technical training tools for ship operators [Text] / V.V. Kobzev, K.Yu. Shilov. – St. Petersburg: Nauka, 2005. – 156 p.

20. Kobzev, V.V. Automated control of the operator's work in a complex training system [Text] / V.V. Kobzev, A.D. Lyamkin, V.K. Poznyak, D.K. Shilov // Marine Bulletin. – 2013.- No. 1(45). – P. 66-68.

21. Kondratenko, S.V. Methods of analysis and modeling of operators ' Activities in the process of ergonomic support for the development and operation of human-machine complexes [Text] / S.V. Kondratenko, V.V. Spasennikov // Bulletin of Bryansk state technical University. – 2015. - no. 1(45). – P. 87-94.

22. Korchemny, P.A. Competence as a psychological system [Text] / P.A. Korchemny // Human capital. – 2017. - №5(101). – P. 90-94.

23. Korchemny, P.A. Psychological mechanisms of formation and manifestation of competencies [Text] / P.A. Korchemny // Human capital. – 2017. - №6(102). – P. 24-31.

24. Krotenko, T.N. Correlation of the concepts of profession, specialty, workplace from the positions of vocational guidance and ergonomics [Text] / T.N. Krotenko // Ergodesign. – 2019. - №4(06). – P. 162-172. – doi: 10.30987/2619-1512-2019-2019-4-162-172.

25. Lozhkin, G.V. Evaluation of the quality of functioning of ergatic systems in bimodal and monomodal presentation of information [Text] / G.V. Lozhkin, V.V. Spasennikov // Cybernetics and computer engineering. – 1986.– issue 72. – P. 33-38. - EID: 2-s2.0-0022947054.

26. Lvov, V.M. Engineering and psychological issues of designing operators ' activities [Text] / V.M. Lvov, V.V. Pavlyuchenko, V.V. Spasennikov // Psychological journal. – 1989. – volume 10.- No. 5. – P. 66-74.

27. Marishchuk, L.V. On the question of abilities, professional aptitude and professional psychological selection[Text] / L.V. Marishchuk // Bulletin of the Moscow University. Series 14. Psychology. – 2016. - №4. – P.26-38.

28. Noss, I.N. Professional psychodiagnostics: psychological selection of personnel [Text] / I.N. Noss. – M.: Psychotherapy. – 2009. – 464 p. - ISBN 978-5-903182-57-2.

29. Sergeev, S.F. Course of lectures on engineering psychology and ergonomics [Text] / S.F. Sergeev – St. Petersburg: publishing house of St. Petersburg. UN-TA, 2008. – 184 p. - ISBN 978-5-288-04640-7.

30. Sergeev, S.F. Ergonomics of complex systems: types of scientific rationality and enactivism [Text] / S.F. Sergeev // Ergodesign. – 2019. - №4(06). – P. 156-161. – doi: 10.30987/2619-1512-2019-2019-4-156-161.

31. Smirnov, A.V. Support for decisionmaking based on human collective intelligence: current state and conceptual mod-el [Text] / A.V. Smirnov, T.V. Levashova, A.V. Ponomarev // Information and control systems. – 2020.- No. 2. – P. 60-70.

32. Spasennikov, V.V. Analysis and design of group activity in applied psychological research [Text] / V.V. Spasennikov. – M.: Institute of psychology. – 1992. – 202 p.

33. Spasennikov, V.V. Criteria for copyright protection of creators of psychodiagnostic test methods [Text] / V.V. Spasennikov // Psychological journal. – 1994. – volume 15. - no. 3. – P. 123-127.

34. Spasennikov, V.V. Analysis of the dynamics of patenting of inventions in the field meet vital human needs [Text] / V.V. Spasennikov, S.V. Kondratenko, A.A. Kuzmenko // Bulletin of the Bryansk state technical University. – 2017. - №4(57). – P. 183-191.

35. Spasennikov, V.V. The phenomenon of color perception in ergonomic research and color consulting [Text] / V.V. Spasennikov // Ergodesign. – 2019.- No. 2(04). – P. 51-60. – doi: 10.30987/article_5cb22163c8b6b7.59336480.

36. Tolochek, V.A. Professional selection: history and per-spective of problem setting [Text] / V.A. Tolochek // Izvestiya Saratovskogo universiteta. New series: psychology of education, developmental and educational psychology. – 2018. – volume 7, issue 2(26). – P. 118-128.

37. Uskov, D.A. Training of students and training of heat and power plant employees using a computer simulator [Text] / D.A. Uskov, A.S. Shubina, D.I. Mendeleev, G.E. Maryin, A.R. Khaertdinova // Bulletin of the Kazan state power engineering University. – 2017. - №2(34) – P. 131-141.

38. Kharina, N.P. Testing the features of thinking and predicting the success of training future drivers [Text] / N.P. Kharina, A.Yu.Tereshchenko, V.E. Khapalova // Ergodesign, 2018.- No. 2(02). – P. 29-32. – doi: 10.30987/article_5bf98b671a4036.32038415.

39. Shevchenko, V.F. Automated workplace of the radar operator [Text] / V.F. Shevchenko, A.V. Prokopchenko, G.S. Dementiev // Patent RU 2334 245, IPC G01S 7/00 – 09.01.2007.

40. Yatskov, R.V. Morphological synthesis of a complex of simulation models taking into account adaptive information interaction of operators with the control object [Text] / R.V. Yatskov // Ergodesign. – 2018. -No. 2(02). – P. 29-32. – doi: 10.30987/article_5bf98b6402c571.26314373.

Login or Create
* Forgot password?