Abstract and keywords
Abstract (English):
The evolution of ideas on inheritance is analyzed and basic types of inheritance in animate nature are presented. Reasoning from the analysis of terms adopted in genetics and engineering technique there is carried out the analysis of inheritance mechanisms at machining and machinery operation. There is shown the evolution of ideas on hereditary information: first the part manufactured the accuracy dimensions of which were “copied” (inherited) in the course of engineering procedure; further – a thin surface layer formed during the engineering process and within the frames of the scientific investigation carried out – material of the deformation source where a plastic metal flow takes place. An analysis is carried out and the directions of the development of scientific investigations in the field of technological inheritance are presented.

Keywords:
inheritance, gene, technological inheritance, quality of surface layer, mechanics of technological inheritance, program of loading, ductility margin
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