CALCULATION-EXPERIMENTAL METHOD FOR DEFINITION OF LOWEST FREQUENCY IN BENDING VIBRATIONS OF COACH CAR BODY IN VERTICAL PLANE BASED ON IDENTIFICATION OF ITS BENDING STIFFNESS
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Abstract and keywords
Abstract (English):
The consideration of existing methods for a modal analysis has shown a possibility for the lowest frequency definition of bending vibrations in a coach car body in a vertical plane based on an indirect method reduced to the assessment of the bending stiffness of the one-dimensional model as a Bernoulli-Euler beam with fragment-constant parameters. The assessment mentioned can be obtained by means of the comparison of model deflections (rated) and a prototype (measured experimentally upon a natural body) with the use of the least-squares method that results in the necessity of the solution of the multi-dimensional problem with the reverse coefficient. The introduction of the hypothesis on ratability of real bending stiffness of the prototype and easily calculated geometrical stiffness of a model reduces a multi-dimensional problem incorrect according to Adamar to the simplest search of the extremum of one variable function. The procedure offered for the indirect assessment of bending stiffness was checked through the solution of model problems. The values obtained are offered to use for the assessment of the lowest frequency of bending vibrations with the aid of Ritz and Grammel methods. In case of rigid poles it results in formulae for frequencies into which there are included directly the experimental values of deflections.

Keywords:
rated-experimental method, bending stiffness, Bernoulli-Euler beam, identification, frequency of bending vibrations
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